how to photograph the fall season

Fall photography – Best tips and ideas for foliage photos

Photographing the fall is one of the most special experiences for any photographer.

Taking pictures in the fall season means vibrant colors, soft light, fog, and a moody atmosphere.

Best tips fall photography

For many reasons, fall photography is the favorite topic of many photographers and It’s also mine.

This is way I usually plan an Iceland photo tour in September and in October I photograph the Autumn at home, in Pennsylvania.

There are many elements in fall photography, but when we photograph the foliage and fallen leaves, the fall color is, without a doubt, the most important thing.

Shooting the fall colors you can add depth, atmosphere, and make your fall photographs more vibrant.

Shooting the fall colors

It’s true that the color peak only lasts for a few days, but that’s precisely what makes fall photography so unique.

To make the most of your fall photography experience, I’d like to share some of the best tips for photographing the fall season:

1. Plan your fall photography trip during the color peak

The Fall doesn’t take place everywhere and at the same time.

In most of the Northern Hemisphere and certain areas of the Southern Hemisphere, you can enjoy fall photography with more or less intensity depending on the latitude and the altitude of your location.

In places at a higher latitude and altitude, you can photograph the fall earlier, so make sure you do your own research to plan when is the best time to go.

Autumn photography in Iceland

The fall color peak can be slightly anticipated or postponed depending on the temperatures and the rain, but statistically, it takes place around the same time each year.

Best time to photograph the fall

Below you can find some examples of when is the best time to photograph the fall in different locations around the world:

  • Arctic Tundra (Alaska, Northern Canada, Greenland, Iceland…): It is the first place where we can practice fall photography in the Northern Hemisphere. The fall peak usually happens from late August to Mid-September.
  • High mountains (Canadian Rockies, Colorado mountains, Glacier National Park): In the Rocky Mountains, the fall is commonly anticipated from Mid-September to Early October.
  • Northeastern US (Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire): Probably the best place to photograph the foliage in the US. The fall photography season kicks off from late September to early October.
  • East Coast of USA (Pennsylvania, Virginia, Maryland..): Depending on the year, you can photograph colors and fallen leaves from mid to late October.
  • European mountains (Dolomites): Fall photography in Europe takes place a bit later than in most of the US, usually from late October to early November.
  • Japan/ South Swamps (Florida/Texas): Fall photography is probably the most popular season in Japan. It’s also an exciting time to visit the southwest swamps. Plan your fall shots for mid-November.
  • Patagonia: The first place where you can do fall leaves photography of the year, generally from late April to early May.

In some locations, you can also find official Folliage reports, like this Maine foliage report. These reports are very useful to plan your trip during the best possible time.

There are many more incredible places in the world to photograph the fall, just make sure you are visiting them at the right time, it’s the most crucial fall photography tip!

2. Take pictures in the fall during the best moments of light

Other advice for fall color photography, is to try to shoot during the best moments of light, mainly during the golden hour.

If the sun is too high in the sky, you won’t only have more contrast, but also, when you photograph the fall foliage, the fall colors will be diminished by the sunlight.

If you are shooting fall forests, you’ll find the best light usually during the twilight, but you can also find interesting light even when the sun is over the trees in forests with abundant vegetation.

Photographing the fall foliage

Overcast and rainy days are also perfect for shooting waterfalls and Autumn forests; The light is softer, and the water usually makes the fall colors pop.

3. Photograph the fall leaves getting closer to the ground

One of the best fall photography ideas is shooting not just the fall color of the trees, but also the color in the ground when you do fall leaves photography.

Best places to photograph the fall in Pennsylvania

Take advantage of the vivid colors getting close to the most colorful leaves; They’ll be the perfect foreground in your fall photos.

4. Take your telephoto lens to shoot fall photography details

The Fall photography season also offers interesting scenes to shoot from a distance, especially when fall trees are showing different colors.

Use your telephoto lens to photograph all the variety of fall colors, or to isolate trees and other subjects in your images.

Fall photography backdrop

It’s also a good Autumn photography idea to use your telephoto to compress the image, placing the main subject in front of a fall photography backdrop where there is a different color or contrast.

5. Use a polarizer, the best filter for fall photography

The polarizer is the best filter for photographing the fall, especially in forests and waterfalls.

By using a polarizer in fall photography, you’ll eliminate unwanted reflections while adding some contrast and natural saturation to the fall colors.

In addition to that, the polarizer will reduce some light, so you can decrease your shutter speed to capture some motion in some locations like rivers or streams.


Photographing the fall colors polarizer

Using a polarizer for fallen leaves photography

Circular Polarizer filter. f/11, ISO 100, 1,6 sec.

The polarizer is attached to my lens 90% of the time when I’m photographing fall forests.

6. Prepare your ND filters for shooting waterfalls

The Autumn photography season is also one of the best for shooting waterfalls.

If you want to capture a silky effect on your fall water images, you’ll probably need a Neutral Density filter when there is too much light, and you need to lower your shutter speed.

If you’re shooting during the twilight, you can close your aperture down to f13 – f16, but if there is more light, you’ll need a 3-stop or 6-stop ND filter.


Neutral Density filters fall photography

Best way to photograph the fall with filters

ND 6 stops filter + Circular Polarizer filter. f/11, ISO 100, before shot 1/5 sec., after shot 30 sec.

You can find more information about the best lens photography filters in this article.

7. Get a pair of waders, the best fall photography outfit

When I started photographing the fall, I always ended up with my boots wet and full of mud. Now, I always wear my waders if I’m shooting Autumn forests or places with water and mud.

You’ll be more comfortable, and they’ll allow you to get into the water to capture the perfect composition for your fall forest shots.

Best fall photography outfit

There are some pricey professional waders, but with a pair like this, you’ll be fine.

8. Add some warmth to your fall images

In fall photography,  your images can have a more interesting mood and feel just by adding some warmth.

Photographing the fall season and foliage

You can do this in two different ways:

  • On camera: Set your white balance manually to a warmer temperature.
  • During the editing/processing: Change the general temperature of the image.

9. Look also at the sky

A very handy fall photography tip is to look at the sky.

We’re used to shooting from a normal perspective, but during this season the trees are the protagonist and there are other original ways for shooting the fall foliage from a different perspective.

Best ideas photographing the fall

The best fall photography advice to take this kind of shot is to use a wide-angle lens. Place yourself in the middle of a group of trees and point your camera out to the sky.

10. Edit and process your fall images

My last Fall photography tip, is to edit and process your raw files.

Even with some basic editing, you can balance the exposure of your image, make some basic adjustments in your composition, and enhance the fall colors.

My favorite tool in Lightroom for editing and processing fall photos is the HSL panel.

Using this adjustment, you can change the hue, saturation, and light of each particular color, turning the yellow into a more orangish hue or increasing the saturation just in the red colors.

Fall colors photography

The goal is to increase the vibrancy and saturation just in the fall colors and not across the entire image.

Make the most of this fall photography tips!

As you can see, fall photography is one of the most exciting and rewarding types of photography.

The essential is to plan the right time for photographing the fall foliage during its color peak.

Once the color is there, you have the right gear and know the best techniques to photograph the fall colors explained above; You’ll be all set to capture breathtaking images of the fall season!

Feel free to leave any questions related to Fall photography in the comments section.

Text and Photography by Dan Zafra - Capture the Atlas Photography Blog

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