DSLR vs mirrorless which is best

Our Photography Gear

One of the most common questions we receive is: Which camera/lens did you use for taking that picture?

I’m sure you’ve heard many times the expression “It’s not the camera; it’s the photographer”. I absolutely agree with that statement; the gear is useless without our vision and creativity. To me, camera gear is just a tool that allows me to capture my vision.

That said, knowing the tools you need is also important, so we created this article so you can see all the gear that we use to create our images. In terms of camera gear, we always try to follow a minimalistic approach, using just the essential tools that we need. For example, we prefer using a top-quality zoom lens instead of 3 primes to cover a specific focal length range. Another example are graduated filters; we can get very good results in post-processing, so we don’t need them. Apart from saving money, saving space and weight is fundamental when you’re traveling.

As you’ll see now, most of the gear listed below is advanced camera gear. If you’re starting in photography or this is just a hobby, don’t worry, you don’t need the latest models. Like everyone, I started with the most basic camera kit and I managed to capture beautiful images that I still love. It’s true that as you advance and find new challenges, you’ll probably need more specific gear, like a camera and fast lens to photograph the Milky Way, or a superb telephoto to shoot wildlife.

This is the complete camera gear that Ascen and I use today:



Landscape photography is the main genre that I shoot, and the Sony A7RIV is one of the best cameras to shoot landscapes. It has a Full-Frame sensor with a superb dynamic range, something fundamental to cover most light situations. It also has a very high megapixel count; this is technically more demanding but allows you to crop your image while maintaining good quality.

Night photography is the other genre that I love, especially Milky Way photography and Northern Lights photography. This might not seem the best camera for shooting in low-light considering the high number of megapixels (more mpx usually means more digital noise), but the image processor of the 7RIV is optimized to offer the best quality shooting in low-light and at high-ISOs, keeping the noise-levels well under control.

I would also highlight its robustness; this camera has one of the best weather-sealings in the market to stand tough conditions like rain, sand, dust, etc., something crucial when you’re shooting landscapes in different environments.

A similar (and still fantastic) alternative to this camera would be the previous version of this model, the Sony a7RIII.

Sony A7 II

The Sony A7 II is Ascen’s camera. It’s also a Mirrorless camera with a 24.3 MP Full Frame sensor.

This camera is great for a wide range of genres and it’s one of the best to take the leap from an entry-level/intermediate camera to a more advanced model. Today, I’d recommend the new version of this model, the Sony A7III.


These are the lenses that we use on both cameras:

SONY 16-35 GM F/2.8

One of the best lenses created by Sony. It’s versatile, light, robust, and very fast, ideal for most landscapes and for night photography.

I have this lens attached to my camera by default. After shooting many years with a wider lens (14-24 mm), I noticed that I was taking most of my images in the 20-24mm range and sometimes I was missing some extra reach, so I prefer this model over other popular Ultra Wide-Angle lenses like the Sony 12-24 f/2.8 or the sigma 14-24 f/2.8.


This Rokinon (Samyang in Europe) lens is the one I always recommend to anyone who wants to start doing night photography. This lens is not perfect, it has some distortion, vignetting, and chromatic aberrations. However, the quality of the glass is great, it’s light, and it’s very cheap, so the general quality-price is just terrific! Ascen uses this lens for night photography and for shooting time-lapses.

SONY 24-105 F/4

This is one of our favorite lenses. It’s the most all-round lens, and the one we use when we have to pick just one lens like in super long hikes or when doing street photography and similar genres where you may need a versatile focal length. If you like travel photography, this lens must be in your camera bag!

SONY 50 MM F/1.8

This is our lightest and smallest lens, and a great option for shooting portraits, landscape details, and astrophotography. Even though this focal length looks very limited, you can always create panoramas with an impressive amount of detail. This lens is also fairly cheap considering the quality and how fast it is.


This short telephoto is a great lens for astrophotography. It’s a prime and very fast lens, ideal for capturing images of the space. It’s also a completely manual lens, so even though you can use it for other genres, it’s specifically aimed at taking those type of night shots.

SONY 100-400MM F4.5-6.3

This is a versatile telephoto lens offering superb quality. This is also my go-to focal length when I’m looking for a general telephoto lens.

I use it mainly to photograph distant landscapes and natural details. I also use it for wildlife photography (sometimes paired with the Sony FE 1.4 X Teleconverter), and the focus is super accurate and fast on the Sony A7RIV, even in low-light. This lens is also great for deep sky Astrophotography and for focusing on far objects like the Andromeda Galaxy and other Nebulae. As you can see, this focal length is very versatile and allows you to shoot a wide range of subjects.

Although this is the heaviest lens in my camera bag, it’s an essential lens that I always try to take with me. Shooting landscapes with a telephoto lens offers endless possibilities and I strongly suggest giving it a try!

SONY FE 200-600 MM F/5.6-6.3

This long telephoto lens is aimed specifically at shooting wildlife. The extra reach of this focal length allows us to shoot very distant subjects with great quality. It’s a heavy and bulky lens, so we just take it for specific trips where we know that we’re gonna be shooting wildlife.


We use this teleconverter when we need some extra reach. There are many cons of using teleconverters, like having a narrower aperture, reducing the focus speed, or sacrificing some image quality, so we just use it when it’s completely necessary.


As regards tripods, we use ultralight carbon fiber tripods that are light, compact, and sturdy. I’ve used several tripods throughout the years and these offer great quality-price:


You can see the full review I did of this tripod here.

SIRUI 1204–X

This Sirui version is no longer available since it was replaced by the newer version Sirui T1204SK.

Both tripods fulfill the basic specs that we need in a tripod:

  • Light and compact: We travel and hike a lot, so they have to fit inside the hand luggage and be easily attached to the camera bag. The Sunwayfoto only weighs 2.5 lbs/1.15 kg and it measures 1.45 ft /44.5cm when folded, whereas the Sirui weighs 2.6 lbs/1.6 kg and measures 1.8 ft /55.5cm folded.
  • They have 3 leg sections: Offering more stability.
  • Twist lock systems: Instead of flip locks, which makes it easier to fold/unfold the legs and to clean the tripod.
  • Both use a replaceable center column: I use the center column when I need more height or stability since I can add weight to the counterweight hook, or I can remove the central column to set the tripod at ground level when I want to get closer to the foreground.


This is the ball head that we pair with the Sunwayfoto T1C40T tripod. The same as the tripod, it’s very compact and light, with a net weight of 0.6 lbs/270gr and a max. load capacity of 33 lbs/15kg.

Sirui K-10 X Ballhead

This is paired with the Sirui tripod. It’s a very popular ball head for good reason. It weighs 0.76 lbs/344 gr and the max. load capacity is 44 lbs/20 kg.

Sunwayfoto L-Plate

As soon as I tried an L-plate years ago, it became a must-accessory on my equipment. It’s always attached to my camera and it’s essential for shooting vertical images and panoramas. 

We use the Sunwayfoto PSLO-a7RIV with the Sony A7RIV and the Sunwayfoto PSLO-a7IINR with the Sony A7II.

Sunwayfoto leveling base

This piece is placed between the tripod and the ball head and allows me to easily level the camera set-up without having to move the tripod legs. It’s a nice piece of gear to have for taking panoramas and doing Astrophotography.



This is the filter that we use the most for doing long exposure photography. I use Lucroit for the great quality of the materials; their glass is resistant, it doesn’t subtract any quality to the lens, and something very important and not frequent in other filters, they don’t produce any color cast!

uso de filtros en fotografia mejores aplicaciones

como usar un filtro ND correctamente


We use this filter mainly for daytime long exposures.


The main reason why I use the polarizer is to eliminate reflections when photographing forests, lakes, waterfalls, and any landscape where there are unwanted reflections.


This night filter created by Lucroit helps to reduce light pollution, allowing you to capture clearer photos with more detail in the sky.


As I said before, I don’t use any gradient filter or special effects filters since I can replicate the effects through different techniques in Photoshop.

In this article that I wrote about Lens filters in photography, you can find more information about the different types of lens filters and the use of filters in landscape photography. If you have any of those ultra-wide angle lenses that require special filters, you can also check our article on filters for special lenses.

Camera BAGs

F-Stop Tilopa V3 50L

I’ve used different camera bags and this has been my favorite model so far.

It has the perfect design to protect the gear, but especially to protect your back when carrying the equipment for several hours.

As for the internal padded partition, I use the ICU medium slope, which allows me to have extra space to take clothes and food.

I use the backpack with these straps to add the sleeping bag and mat on multiday hikes, and this rain cover for rainy days.


This is Ascen’s camera bag, and it has similar functionalities to the Tilopa model. It offers less capacity but is more compact and lightweight.



This is a must-have piece of gear to create stunning Astrophotos. It’s not for everyone, but if you’re into shooting the night sky and want to take your photography to the next level, this is an essential tool.

This model is affordable, portable, and not super-heavy and expensive like other top-notch professional equatorial mounts. Using this tracker, you can shoot both Astrolandscapes and Deep-sky Astrophotography. This was a game-changer in my Milky Way photography and it helps me capture an incredible amount of detail with no digital noise.

Other must-have gear


This is fundamental for night photography. I’ve used many terrible headlamps in the past until I found this model, which is light and very efficient. It can also be charged via USB using a power bank.


This is a very cheap flashlight. I use it to illuminate elements when doing night photography and when I want to include myself in the scene.


We always take three official Sony batteries for each camera. I’ve used different clone batteries over the years, and even though they’re cheaper, their life span is much shorter, dying quickly after a few months.

Memory cards

I use a Sony tough 64 GB card with a write and read speed of 300 MB/S. These cards are very expensive but necessary if you’re shooting long bursts or filming video in 4k resolution. All our other cards are Lexar and Sandisk of 64 GB.

Heat Smart 3 GloVes

Under snowy conditions and freezing temperatures I always use these gloves from The Heat Company. These gloves allow me to use the camera comfortably while maintaining the temperature of my hands.

You can see more details about these gloves in this specific review that I wrote.

my photography gear dan zafra capture the atlas


Phantom 4 Pro

I’m not very fond of drones, but Ascen flies this Phantom 4 Pro to take aerial images and to film our promotional videos.

We bought this drone a few weeks before they launched the latest Mavic Air and we still don’t know if we regret it.

The Phantom’s camera offers a superb quality: a 20MP sensor and great stability even in windy conditions. However, it is so big that needs a special bag (we use the Manfrotto Aviator D1) where it hardly fits anything else.

If we have to choose again, we would sacrifice some quality for the portability of the Mavic Air.

Equipment for editing and storing

MacBook pro-2016

Powerful and top-notch laptop to process my images both in Lightroom and Photoshop.


I use it to paint details in Adobe Photoshop. It certainly helps to make a difference in that step of the processing.

WD 256GB My Passport SSD Portable Storage

This solid hard drive is a dedicated SSD for Photoshop, improving the speed and keeping the Ram memory free while processing.

WD 4TB Elements Portable External Hard Drive

I use several 4 TB hard drives to save my Raw files, final images, and videos, and to create backups of all the images.

Where We buy our gear

We buy all our camera gear on Amazon, B&H, and Adorama. Amazon usually offers the best price, but I always recommend checking other stores like B&H or Adorama since they usually offer the product at the same price and including free gifts like tripods, SD cards, camera bags, etc.

In the past, I’ve also bought some pieces of gear in the second-hand market, like my old Nikon camera gear or our current Rokinon 14 mm f/2.8.

Buying second-hand equipment is a good option to save money and invest in other items. The important thing to consider is to buy products in optimal conditions. It’s often difficult to know if it has been well-maintained beyond the external look and the shutter count (if it’s a camera). For this reason, in my case, I’ve always bought all the second-hand gear through the company MPB.com, which operates in the US and the European Union and provides a 6-month warranty in all their products.

If you are looking for any camera, lens, or accessory and want to save a good amount of money while having guarantees, I recommend taking a look at their gear catalog.

Photography gear Rental

Regarding those lenses and accessories that I use on certain trips, we usually rent them. This way, if we’re going to take a safari tour to photograph animals, we don’t have to spend $4000 on a lens that we would probably use 4 times a year.

In our case, we rent those lenses that we don’t use often. A good example is the Sigma 14mm 1.8 to photograph Northern Lights.

Besides, we also like renting camera gear before deciding on an important purchase. It doesn’t matter how many reviews you see online: you don’t know how comfortable you feel with a camera or a lens until you test it. From my point of view, it is worthwhile to always give it a try before and “secure” your purchase.

In our case, we always rent through Lensrentals, a company operating in the United States that offers a huge catalog of camera gear, protection plans, etc. You can check our full Lensrentals Review + Promo Code article here.

Regardless of your location,  If you’re interested in this, you can check our Camera Rental article where we include the best rental companies around the world. You can also get a 15% discount in LensRentals when booking through our link and using our code:

photography gear camera and lenses rental

Electronics insurance

As you start having more gear and this is more expensive, you’ll probably (and should) start thinking about purchasing some insurance that can cover you in case any accident happens.

This varies by country and location. In our case, we have a specific inland marine policy from State Farm that covers our electronics (Camera, lenses, laptops, etc) in case there’s an accident, theft, or something similar both in the US and abroad. This is the best insurance we found, and you just need to purchase your home/renters insurance with State Farm and add this extra policy to your coverage. We are currently paying $240/yearly to have this extra policy.

And that’s all! This is the gear we use to create our images. Please note that we are using this gear professionally and it’s sometimes aimed at very specific needs since we need the highest-quality images. As I said in the intro, most photographers don’t need high-end camera gear or the latest models, just the basic gear to create the images that you want.

My advice is to invest not only in camera gear but also in those experiences that will also make you a better photographer, like attending photography tours, reading books, or taking specific photography classes that can help you capture better shots with your current gear.

If you want to see more information about photography equipment according to your skills and goals, I recommend you to see our article on Photography equipment for traveling.

Also, if you have any questions, please don’t hesitate to leave them in the comments below!

Notice of affiliation links: if you buy any item through some of the links that you can find in this post, we may take a small commission without affecting the final price that you’ll pay. Buying through these links helps us to continue with this project.

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Dan is a professional nature and landscape photographer, photography educator, and co-founder of Capture the Atlas. His base camp is in Philadelphia, USA, but he spends long periods of time exploring and photographing new locations around the world.

Apart from shooting the Milky Way, the Northern Lights, and any landscape that can stir powerful emotions, he enjoys leading photo tours to some of the most remote places on Earth.

You can find more about Dan here.

4 thoughts on “Our Photography Gear

  1. Chris Nation says:

    Hi Dan and Ascen. Congratulations on a very impressive website, superb images and attractive concept.

    You make the point straight away that it’s the process that goes on in one’s head that leads to a great image, not fancy hardware but that the hardware has to be capable of achieving the vision.

    Your rig run-down shows what is required at the highest level, with no compromise on quality. I’m not sure how much more useful it is to your clientele than mere interest. How many of your clients on tour are equipped at this level?

    I started my photography career in 1969. My work called for every format from 10″x8″ to 16mm movie. But now, retired and a definitely creaky at the age of 71, the 5″x4″, the 645 medium format, the Nikon FX – it’s all gone. For the sake of my old bones, I have had to downsize. And be sure about this – nobody is spared this process!

    I believe the ideal camera and lenses for a keen and capable amateur, as I would now class myself, giving superb quality but with minimal cost in osteopath’s fees, is the M43 format. I am astonished that the tiny size of this hardware can produce such high quality results.

    For those still fit enough to carry DSLR gear, DX format results are likewise as good as most people would aspire to, with the advantage of being very affordable. The first time I saw evidence of this was at an exhibition of the Natural History Museum of London’s “Wildlife Photographer of the Year” exhibition 2005. The superb 20″x16″ prints were all shot on two then state of the art DSLRs – the Nikon DX format D50 [6.1MP] and the Canon equivalent.

    I think your audience would be well served if you provided a [more or less] parallel rig run-down of your gear in DX and M43. This is what most people can afford and what most people are prepared to carry around, in pursuit of a hobby.

    Another way I think about this is – if I won the Lotto and money was no object, would I buy the kit you list, or the Nikon equivalent? No. Knowing what I know now, if someone also rolled me back 50 years, would I? No, again.

    Scaling back in camera size means everything else can be smaller. My present gear of [35mm equiv] 18-36mm, 80-300mm, 35mm f1.7 and Oly OM-D1 can all fit into the pockets of a fishing vest!

    This issue is an important consideration in your line of business. Your audience would certainly benefit if you gave them some ideas about the options – quality/price/portability.

    Buena suerte y salud!

    • Dan Zafra says:

      Hi Chris,

      Thanks for your message and for bringing this up!

      People attending our photo tours range from hobbyiest to seasoned pros, and I have seen everything from old digital cameras all the way to medium format cameras almost as expensive as a car. At the end of the day, it’s a matter of your budget and goals. In my case, photography is my job and my goal is to take the best quality images, some of them in difficult light situations like in Northern Lights photography, Astrophotography, etc. There are other things to consider like weight, but fundamentally those are the things that people check out.

      I frequently receive the question…What gear do you use? And this article is simply aimed at answering that. I want to be honest and this is the gear I use for capturing my images. I’m aware that many people are in different budgets and needs both in the lower and higher end, and for that reason we have specific articles on gear in our site where we talk about APS-C and Micro 4/3 models, like in our best cameras/lenses for Milky Way photography, the best gear for traveling, etc.

      I’ve personally never shot with Olympus but I’ve seen some tests and I don’t think it’s the best system for me considering all the low-light photography I do. However, it looks like a fantastic option for traveling light and the results using good micro4/3 cameras and lenses are truly remarkable. Even phones like the new Iphone 12 pro max. are taking incredible images with a tiny sensor. It looks like the tendency is moving towards lighter gear, which is great for all photographers.

      I hope you can get the best gear for your needs and you can capture the best images, which is in the end the ultimate goal 😉

      Please take care and thanks again for reaching out!

    • Dan Zafra says:

      Hi Pavel,

      I haven’t tried the Z7, I could try the Z6 and it’s a fantastic camera!

      Nikon is also releasing new models by the end of the year, so I have no doubt that they’ll release top-notch cameras and lenses!

      Thanks for your comment,

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